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Cities, growth and poverty - Evidence paper 1: Review of existing literature

Cities, growth and poverty - Evidence paper 1: Review of existing literature

Neil Lee, Duncan Adam, Andrés Rodríguez-Pose, Anne Green & Gaby Atfield
07 February 2014

The Joseph Rowntree Foundation commissioned The Work Foundation, the Institute for Employment Research and the London School of Economics to review the evidence on the links between cities, growth and poverty. The research project followed a four-stage methodology, including the development of a framework, a review of the evidence, data analysis and case study work in ten UK cities. In addition to this evidence paper, which considers the evidence linking cities, economic growth and poverty, evidence papers relating to the data analysis (Evidence Paper 2) and case studies (Evidence Paper 3).

This paper presents a (necessarily selective) review of secondary evidence on cities, economic growth and poverty, and an overview of the policy context and current economic situation. The paper draws on existing evidence to investigate three questions:

  1. What are the drivers of economic growth in cities?
  2. How do these drivers relate to poverty?
  3. Where and what are the evidence gaps?

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