This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.Find out more here


To discuss how you and your organisation can get more involved with The Work Foundation, please contact us.

Call 020 7976 3575 or email


Rhian Johns
Director of Policy and Campaigns, Impetus-Private Equity Foundation
Rhian  Johns

All pathways lead to work

Authors: Rhian Johns Rhian Johns

07 November 2013

Most young people don’t go to university, yet our education system is designed with the minority that do in mind.  If you know from an early age that university is your likely destination then the path is clear: GCSEs, followed by A-Levels and then onto university.

For the majority of young people who are not on the path to university, for whatever reason, the road is less clear.  There are a plethora of options including traineeships, apprenticeships, further education colleges, sixth form colleges and full time employment, and yet deciding which route to take can often be very difficult.  It’s not just young people who find the choice daunting, employers also struggle to understand what the various qualifications, grades and levels mean.

Apprenticeships have become ‘trendy’ again, with more employers realising the benefits of training young people on the job, however, there are still many myths and misunderstandings concerning them.  Although the number of available apprenticeships has increased, the number of 16-18 year olds enrolled on one is still pitifully low.  Increases in participation have mainly come from older workers and existing employers being put onto apprenticeship contracts.  If apprenticeships are to be valued by young people and employers as a first step on the career ladder, more must be done to increase the number of places available, whilst also ensuring the quality of provision is consistently high and that once completed, an apprenticeship leads to full time employment.

The UK needs a comprehensive and inclusive youth labour market strategy, with clear and valued academic and vocational pathways to employment.  Schools must be better informed of all available options so young people are given good and accurate careers guidance. Government must do more to involve employers in the development and delivery of apprenticeships to ensure these are widely understood and valued. The new apprenticeship trailblazers programme is an excellent step, however, in a labour market where large numbers of young people will work in the service sector, it is important that these industries are also represented and meaningful apprenticeships are developed where young people can learn, earn and progress in their chosen career. 

The Work Foundation report, The road less travelled? Improving the apprenticeship pathway for young people, which we have been delighted to work in partnership with them on, calls for a radical overhaul of the existing apprenticeship system, making apprenticeships relevant for the 21st century labour market.  Although the Government, through the trailblazers programme has begun to work with employers on the expansion and development of apprenticeships, the lack of service sector organisations involved is a concern.

Apprenticeships alone will not be the answer to youth unemployment, however as part of a compressive youth labour market strategy that takes into account both vocational and academic pathways, for the full range of industries open to young people, they can be a valuable way for young people to get their foot on the ladder and for employers to train young people with the specific skills they require for future success.

Impetus – The Private Equity Foundation accelerates the growth of innovative charities and social enterprises helping children and young people living in poverty in the UK to get the start in life they deserve. It uses a unique model of venture philanthropy, which includes management expertise, pro bono business skills and long-term funding, in order to scale up ambitious charities with the potential to move the needle on the most persistent social problems. The charity currently has 25 organisations in its active portfolio. On 4 July 2013, Impetus-PEF announced the finalisation of its merger between Impetus Trust and the Private Equity Foundation.